Cocoa butter, commonly used in some cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and some ointments is made from the capsules produced by the Cacao tree. Each tree can produce up to 2,000 capsules per year.
Cocoa, in all its forms contains an amount of Theobromine and Caffeine. Cocoa in powder form has around 2.6% Theobromine and 0.24% Caffeine whereas Cocoa butter has around 0.014% and 0.4% respectively.
Both of these are classified by the FEI as controlled substances and are labelled as NOPS – naturally occurring prohibited substances (a full list can be found here: http://prohibitedsubstancesdatabase.feicleansport.org/search/). This means that although very low concentrations in urine and blood samples are allowed by some regulatory authorities others do have a zero tolerance, particularly for caffeine.
Why does this matter? There are some equine products on the market that use Cocoa butter, mixed with other ingredients, for example certain shampoos. There are also the lip balms that are marketed to help encourage the horse to accept the bit, create saliva and to keep the lips soft. Whilst this is by no means a problem for the horse it may result in the horse having a very low but nonetheless detectable level of both Theobromine and Caffeine in their blood or urine.
It’s for this reason you won’t find Cocoa in any of its forms in the Topline Naturals range.